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On the relation of the census attached, all the way down when it say wife, it says wife-H or N. Does anyone know what the H or N means?

Thank you in advance,
Tammy Mellard Wheeler

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Wife-H means wife of head; 1930 enumerators seem to have used this form; I have found it in several states. I don't think that you actually do have any Wife-N entries — I think the apparent Ns are merely blurred entries.

In one 1930 census I examined recently someone was listed as wife of grandson (or something like that) but the relationship was spelled out in full.
Thanks Sue,

That was what I figured. I figure on the first of the census the H's were clear, but, by the end of the census and all that writing, they were less careful and it slurred.

Tammy Mellard Wheeler
Wife-H does not mean wife of head. It means homemaker or housekeeper. In most cases the wife of the head will be this person, but in some cases you will see it on a daughter or daughter-in-law or other family member, particularly if the wife of the head has an occupation listed. It was an attempt by the census to determine who was actually doing the housekeeping tasks in the home when women were beginning to move into the out-of-home workforce.
I am glad to know this; where did you get this information (in case I need to learn about additional interpretations)?

I found it on You don't need to have a membership to read about the different censuses, just to look at the actual census data. On the home page, just under the search box, is an area labeled "Browse our Collections." Click on the year of the census in which you are interested. You will get a page with a search box for that census, and underneath the search box is all the defining info on the census.
The census' that confuse me are the really old ones, like the 1830's



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