"John, the Cooper line still looks like there is a generation that's wrong or missing immediately after the first Nicholas (He didn't have a son who survived to adulthood named Francis. His only surviving children were George, Mary, and…"
"John, I think you may have skipped a generation. I've seen no evidence that the first Nicholas had a son named Joseph. As best I can determine only three children survived to adulthood-- George, Mary (named for mother), and Nicholas Jr. George,…"
"Since John sort of raised the issue, has any one else noticed that we seem to have had a lot of Y-DNA mutations for folks that can't be much more than 8 - 10 generations from one another? Just how high is the background radiation level in East…"
"Beyond the location in Tennessee, the Y-DNA, if any male Hales in your line have tested, would also be a good indicator. The direct line males of this particular bunch all belong to Y-DNA Haplogroup I2a2* Isles B2."
"John, I think we have exchanged email before. I'm descended from Nicholas II's son George via George's son John.
Nothing left of Hailes Abbey except the ruins. The abbey church is completely gone except for a limited number of…"