Scottish and Irish (of Scottish origin): from the Gaelic personal name Donnchadh, composed of the elements donn ‘brown-haired man’ or ‘chieftain’ + a derivative of cath ‘battle’, Anglicized in Ireland as Donagh or Donaghue. Compare Donahue.
Irish (Sligo): used as an Anglicized equivalent of Gaelic Ó Duinnchinn ‘descendant of Donncheann’, a byname composed of the elements donn ‘brown-haired man’ or ‘chieftain’ + ceann ‘head’.
Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-508137-4
Definition: 1) Derivation of the Gaelic name Donnchadh which means "brown warrior," from the Gaelic "donn" meaning brown and "chadh" meaning warrior. 2) Powerful chieftain; strong-headed, from "dun" meaning fortress, and "ceann" meaning head or chief.
Surname Origin: Scottish
Alternate Surname Spellings: DUNCEAN, DUNKAN, DUNKIN, DUNKEN
References: Surname Meanings & Origins
Cottle, Basil. Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967.
Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Collins Celtic (Pocket edition), 1998.
Fucilla, Joseph. Our Italian Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 2003.
Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Great Britain: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Reaney, P.H. A Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1997.
Smith, Elsdon C. American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997.