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Native American mtDNA Haplogroups A2, B2, C1, D1, and X


Native American mtDNA Haplogroups A2, B2, C1, D1, and X

This group is for anyone who is interested in sharing information with others about Native American mtDNA haplogroups.

Members: 49
Latest Activity: Jun 13, 2020

Discussion Forum

B2 3 Replies

Started by Michele. Last reply by Michele Jan 28, 2015.

Diego Blood Group 1 Reply

Started by Martha Gale Torregrossa. Last reply by Ruth Oct 11, 2014.

D1 4 Replies

Started by samuel gomez. Last reply by Patti Hall Sep 20, 2014.

Comment Wall


You need to be a member of Native American mtDNA Haplogroups A2, B2, C1, D1, and X to add comments!

Comment by Rene Rylander on March 20, 2011 at 11:49am
Hello!  I learned from my 23andMe DNA test that I am part of the B4'5 haplogroup, with subset of B2.  That information indicates that my maternal ancestors crossed the Bering land bridge from Asia into North America.  I was glad to hear that because if I follow my maternal line back, I come to one ancestor that I was sure was wrong, and I think it was a coverup by the family.  William Johnston was an Orkney Scott working for the Hudson Bay Co near Fort Hall, along the Snake River, which was Bannock/Shoshoni territory.  He married Ann Potter (of English descent) in 1849 at Ft. Hall when her family was on their way to Oregon in a prairie schooner.  They claimed 12 children, the first was my 2nd great grandmother, Barbara Johnston.  On some records they said she was born in 1849, but that would have made her 11 when she married.  Later census records show she was born in 1846, which would predate the marriage of William & Ann.  I believe that Barbara was the result of a relationship with a woman of the Bannock tribe.  I have a photo of her... she is round-faced with dark hair and medium complexion.  My mother always said that she had an ancestor who was an 'Indian Princess', a common tale I'm told.  She attributes our lack of body hair to our 'Indian blood'.  I don't expect to ever learn who the biological mother of Barbara was, but at least I know that it wasn't Ann Potter.
Comment by Ruth on September 26, 2010 at 7:47am
Comment by Ruth on September 24, 2010 at 5:23pm
Ruth Said "That would explain me having the Diego Blood Group: Di(a+b+), most likely pass down to me from my father whose maternal line is C1b2a.
It is found in 36% of South American Indians. "
The Diego blood group is not passed down from the ydna or mtdna but from the gene pool. I figured that since my paternal grandmother was of haplogroup C1b2a which there seems to be many in South America, that the Diego blood group was pass down to me from my father whose mother was from that particular mtDNA halplogroup and it was first discovered in South America and many of the natives there have it.
Comment by Ruth on September 24, 2010 at 5:18pm
Hi Marilyn,
Yes, there were many from PR that were tested and have the same results. C1b2a is a big one for those that tested their full sequence and also haplogroup C from FTDNA who tested their HVR1 & HVR2. My father and husband have 45 matches for their HVR1 & HVR2 and there are a total of 15 full sequence matches from FTDNA. That's not including those tested from another company.
Comment by Marilyn K. Sobiech on September 24, 2010 at 4:34pm
I've always found it interesting that I tested as C1b and my birth mother's family is Sault Ste Marie Chippewa from Sault Ste Marie, Michigan as well as Garden River, ON, Canada directly northeast. Yet all the FT match notices that I receive are matches from Puerto Rico, Central, and South America. Of course I know through FT or National Geographic one has to pay to be tested and in today's economy that may limit many people from being tested and joining in the search.
Comment by Ruth on September 23, 2010 at 2:30pm
So it seems from what I have read and understand that the majority of C1b are from South America according to the pie 15.7 from the research paper:
The initial peopling of the Americas: A growing number of founding mitochondrial genomes from Beringia.

That would explain me having the Diego Blood Group: Di(a+b+), most likely pass down to me from my father whose maternal line is C1b2a.
It is found in 36% of South American Indians.
Comment by Ayesart on September 21, 2010 at 3:48pm
Here's a URL link to an article that discusses the Indigenous haplo groups. They are still insistent upon the Bering Strait theory though.
Comment by John E Montanez on May 12, 2010 at 11:44am
My mother is in mtDNA haplogroup C1b2a , and my fathers maternal mtDNA haplogroup is C1b.
Comment by Gilberto Ceballos on April 13, 2010 at 2:26pm
Just had myself tested and found out what my grandparents told me that we have native and african blood Halo Group N from west africa with subgroup X2 from west indies my grandfather says his grandfather mom was Taino and Mulatto which is half breed african and native that one of the ancestors was brought on a slave ship while the other was Taino native and the father was from the Canarias. All this before DNA testing.
Comment by Marilyn K. Sobiech on January 31, 2010 at 4:43pm
I was very excited when I stumbled upon this group. I did my first DNA test with the National Geographic Genome Project. I'm Haplogroup C. I did the HVR2 testing with FTDNA. From that I think I'm C1 and maybe C1b. I'm adopted and when I opened my records I found out my grandmother is listed on the 1908 Durrant Role for Sault St. Marie, MI Chippewa and Pottawatomie.

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