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SYNOPSIS OF HISTORY OF LOHANAS
R. T.Somaiya
rtsomaiya@gmail.com or
rtsomaiya@yahoo.com

Lohanas are "Raghuvanshi Kshatriyas". Since Raghuvanshis were Suryavanshis, naturally Lohanas are also 'Suryavanshis'. Going deep in the history of Lohanas would mean going deep in the history of Raghuvanshis and Suryavanshis. Most of it is in the form of legend. Whether legends are historically true or not, is a subject of great debate. One thing is sure that it gives insight to various aspects of our origin and history till the time that recorded history began.
While travelling in South East Asia I had come across a book in which the legend had recorded that after passing away of Shri Ram, his kingdom was divided between his 2 Sons – LUV & KUSH. Luv was given all the territories - east of Ayodhya, and Kush was given west of Ayodhya. Two Sons of Bharat namely Pushya and Taksha joined with Kush. This is corroborated by history which says that Pushya founded a new city in the name of Pushyapur which over the centuries got the modem name Peshawar and Taksha founded a new city by the name Takshasila which at present is known as Taxila in the land from where their grandmother Kaikeyi hailed. She was the princess from highlands of Kekay now known as North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Area in which I read this book was Laos which is known even today in their local language as Luvpradesh and in modem French version Laos which is pronounced as 'Lao'. Over the centuries the descendents of Luv extended their empire up to the Chinese sea and beyond upto Bali and including Indonesia. Bali is named after the mighty king, Wali – brother of Sugrieve of our and their Ramayan. They call their ramayan as Ramakien i.e. Ramakhyan – the life story of Rama, because they are connected with Ram of Raghuvansh. The eastern empire also included Champa (now known as Vietnam), Kamboj now known as Cambodia, Laos and Thailand then known as Siam Pradesh, Burma which was known as Dwaravati etc. Until 200 years ago, prior to Bangkok, Ayodhya was capital of Thailand. That Ayodhya still exists. Present king's name is Bhumibal Atulyatej Rama the Nineth. Thanon Surawongse i.e. Suryawansh Marg in Central Bangkok today is not without their roots in Raghuvansh. And confirms their descent from Suryavansh.
Names of kings of Laos such as Sinhanouk and Ranariddha – do they sound Chinese or Bharatiya? The theory of Bharat Varsh from Coasts of Mediterranean to Bali are full with legends supporting their roots from India.
Similarly, the empire of descendents of Kush included North, West and North Western India, Gandhar (Afghanishtan), where they established a new capital in the name of Kapisthala in honor of Hanumanji. In modern time it has been shortened Kapisa which is to the north of Kabul.With advent of Islam and Gandhar falling into the hands of Muslims, a new city was established by them near Kapisa by the name of Kabul. They also occupied Central Asia and established a new city Shrimarkandpur honoring their suryavanshi descent. Markand means Sun. So the new city was Suryapur or Sun city. Over the times 'Pur' got dropped, the original name got shortened and the city today is known as Srimarkand – Samarqand. Not only that, the largest Sun temple was also built at Samarqand by them which was in ruins few centuries ago but now even the ruins have vanished.
I have all the reason to believe that descendents of Kush went right upto Mediterranean sea i.e. going upto Egypt. The capital city established by them there was known as Heliopolis (old name of Cairo) Helio is Sun and Polis is city so in good old days Cairo was also to say in our language Suryapur. In their language Sun was Raa and all the kings were considered as sun personified. We also called our kings Raa e.g Raakhengar. it got improved from Raa to Rao and Rai and Rana aiso. Rana Pratap was a great Suryavanshi king whose story is well recorded in history. Even Egyptian kings had names such as Ramses I, II etc. Suryavanshis were Shiv bhaktas. Near Pyramids in Cairo you can see even today Sarcophaguses of bulls. Holy bulls were buried so well that their tombs exist even upto today. Coins of Shahi Kings of Afghanistan show Nandi (bull) on one side and horseman on the other. Kushan king also had Shiva with Nandi on one side and king on the other. What is Sphinx? Murty i.e. idol of Narsimha who killed Hiranyakashyapu an Assyrian king – grandfather of Baliraja who ruled over lands presentiy know as Arabia. These are pointers to our possible links. I can give many more examples but some other time.
With that short history now we come to Facts:

Lohana is short form of Lohar Ranas because as per the recorded history Lohanas ruled over Kashmir from AD 1003 to 1338. It has been recorded as Lohar dynasty-I and Lohar dynasty-II and subsequently rulers from the same clan upto 1338, after which there were mass conversions to Islam. Many of us migrated under compulsion to Punjab, Sindh, Kutch and Gujarat and today they are known as Punjabi-Lohanas, Sindhi-Lohanas, Kutchi - Lohanas, Halai-Lohanas, Depalas and Goghari-Lohanas. Those who resisted the conversions and/or migrations, were killed and there was mass holocaust as recorded in Kashmir history.
For the benefit of readers, to give more historical facts, I am giving below the names of kings who ruled over present day Jammu-Kashmir and adjoining areas in Himachal upto Bhimnagar with their dates:
First Lohara dynasty
Sangramdev (Samgramaraja), nephew of Didda Rani
1003-1028

Hariraja, s/o Sangramadev (21 dys)
1028

Anantadev, s/o Sangramadev
1028-1063

Kalasa, s/o Anantadev Anantadev in real control unit 1079 (d.1081)
1063-1089

Utkarsha, s/o Kalasa
1089

Harsha, s/o Kalasa
1089-1101

Second Lohara dynasty
Uchchala:collateral Lohana Line
1101-1111

Salhana, br./of Uchchala
1111-1112

Sussala, br./of Uchchala
1112-1120

Bhikshacharya, s/o Bhoja, s/o Harsha(d.1130)
1120-1121

Sussala:restored
1121-1123

Jayasimhadeva I, s/o SussalaSussala in real control until death in 1128
1123-1155

Mallarjuna, s/o Sussala: in revolt 1131


Gulhana, s/o jayasimha:
1155-1165

Avantidea (Vantideva), s/o Paramanuka
1165-1172

Dynasty of Vuppadeva
Vuppadeva (Bhupa Dev or Bhupati Dev )
1172-1181

Jassadeva(Jassaka), br./o Vuppadeva
1181-1199

Jagadeva, s/o Jassadeva
1199-1213

Rajadeva, s/o jagadeva
1213-1236

Sangramadeva, s/o Rajadeva
1236-1252

Ramadeva, s/o Sangramadeva
1252-1273

Lakshmanadeva, adopted s/o Ramadeva
1273-1286

Period of anarchy & invasionsFollowed by Moslem Dynasty.
1286-1338

These kings had issued their coins which can be seen in Pratapsinh Museum, British Museum-London, in Coin Cabinets of American Numismatics Society, USA and hundreds of private collections.
Prior to getting Kashmir under our rule, rulling system in Loharpradesh was more of the style of federation which can be witnessed in surnames of Lohanas. The rulers of smaller areas were known by their areas such as Raichadda, Raimangia, Raithatta, Raikundalia, Raichura, Raivadera, Raj Popat etc.Some surnames were known from the place from where they had come e.g. Dodechas are from Dodda which is now in jammu, Kotechas are from Kota i.e. today's Quetta, Dhamechas, Sonecha - Soneta, Hindocha etc. Unadkats are from Unnadkot. Unnad means Sun. Prior to Lohanas ruling over Kashmir; they had their own capital in Loharpradesh at Ohind near Poonch /Rajouri and the fortified town was known as unnadkot i.e. Suryakot so all the Unadkats hailed from that part of Loharpradesh. Now it is corrupted to Unadkath, Annadkath etc. For strategic reasons when we moved our capital from Ohind to Nandana, we got the surname Nandani also. Like that most of the Lohana surnames can be traced to their ruling area and / or their place of domicile or in some cases to their brave ancesters, some fo whome were kings e.g. Sejpal we had a line of kings with such names, namely Anangpal, Jaipal, Madanpal, Trilochanpal, Sejpal etc. parmani from king Parmanuk, sayta from king Sayata, Bhimani from Bhimdev. Similarly we had a dynasty known as Karkotak which had kings by the names of Lalitaditya, Pratapaditya, Vinayaditya etc. With drop of "kar" from Karkotak, the descendents of this dynasty came to be known as Kotak. These are not anecdotes. These are facts and historical data giving period of their rule exists so also their coins exist and can be seen in the places aforesaid as also in many numismatic books. I will give them in later articles.
Rulers of Afghanistan were known as Shahis as they were descendents of Kidarkushans who in turn had descended from Kushans. Kushan kings used to write their names on their coins with title Shao – Nano – Shao i.e. King of Kings which in modem parlance would be
Shahenshah which sounds as Muslim word but it is not so. Shao - Nano - Shao is close to 2000 years old title when Islam did not exist. As per the book I had read, Kushans were descendents of Kush. Their history, their specific descendents who ruled over an area extending from Samarqand in north to Chachpradesh i.e. delta of Sindhu river where it meets the Indian Ocean and from Herat in the west to Bhimnagar in Himachal Pradesh..
This is a historical fact recorded in hundreds of history books. A coin of first Kushan King Wima Takto - which means 'Bhim the victorious'. Takto is a Central Asian word meaning 'victorious'.. Shaka in Sanskrit means Vijay Victory . I will illustrate these coins in later articles .
Wima Takto's reign period is reckoned as from circa AD 55- to AD 105. It is believed that it was he who started Shaka Samvat commemorating his victory of their ancestral kingdom and Which exists and continues even today. From their period till the last Lohana King i.e. 1338 more or less continuous chain of kings and their coins exist for everyone to see in various museums in different countries of the world. I do not know of any other race which ruled for over 1200 years and we should be proud that we belong to the same worthy race of Suryavansh-Raghuvansh.
If we try to put down all that history at one place in a book form, it can make a nice glorious record of our history and our ancestry but for that there has to be a separate project. Lohanas today know only about one brave warrior i.e. dada jasraj who existed appx. Between AD 970 and 1000. If our history is re-written on the basis of above outlines the world will be surprised to know the large number of heroic and illustrious warriors and rulers from amongst our ancestors. Life of Jasraj is a nice example of the courage and valor of Lohar Ranas because he killed Sabuk-tigin - father of Mahmud Gazni, in the year AD 997, in his own court in Kabul, in presence of his courtiers and still escaped with his party. History has recorded that to avenge the death of his father, Mahmud Gazni attacked Loharpradesh three times and failed to capture Loharpradesh but in one of those aggressions Jasraj lost his life. So alsoMahmud tried to capture Kashmir where we were ruling and failed all the 3 times.He had succeeded in capturing Punjab and other parts of India which is part of history known to everyone but I repeat that our military supremacy was so good that even he could not capture our areas though he succeeded in various other parts of India.
Here I would like to add that this being the historical fact, our legends saying that Dada Jasraj killed Chengizkhan and that Taimurlang also lost his life at Dada's hands, needs to be corrected. Chengiz died in the year AD 1227 while fighting with Tanguts in Mongolia and lies buried in Burkan Qaldun-Mangolia. So aiso, Taimur died in AD 1405 at Otraer on Jaxartes river in war against China. The most important thing that history tells us is that it was our ancestors who stood guard at North West Frontier of our country and served as successful sentries for over twelve centuries and defended our borders valiantly­. We should record in our annals accordingly.
I hope this short synopsis will give inspiration to more young people to delve deeper in our history and publish their research for the benefit of entire Lohana community which is today spread ail over India, UK, USA, Canada, Africa and other parts of the world. It will be my pleasure to assist.
Coins of our various dynasties and kings aforesaid are available with many Museums & coin collectors, most of whom are not connected with Lohanas .therefore our history has remained obscure. The serious students of our history should now procure them wherever possible as a supporting evidence to our history. It is rather late, but worth an effort.
Whatever coins I have I will put up on our website and I am sure that will make you all proud and confirm our HISTORY.

. After take over of reigns from us, our gold, silver and copper coins were systematically melted down to manufacture coins of Sultans. Our coins were even otherwise a taboo for them because they portrayed King and Lakshmi on them. Human pictures are forbidden in Islam, so from that point also our coins ere withdrawn by subsequent Muslim rulers. So, our coins have vanished. What we come across some times are those from fresh excavations in our erstwhiie areas. From that also, I have seen bulk goes to coppersmiths in local bazaars for making copper utensils which are very popular with local populace.
Joshi's book Jasraj - a legend - proved an inspiration for me and prompted me to spend more than 50 years in travels to all these lands and picking up threads of our history from everywhere. From Cairo to Bali. I will rest in peace if the younger members from our community will now continue this work and bring out more hidden treasures of our grand history.
For questions and comments you may contact me on email and let me know on what aspect you would like to know more:
rtsomaiya@gmail.com or
rtsomaiya@yahoo.com
R.T.Somaiya

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The following is another view that was sent to me.I do not know the source but sounds like wikipaedia!

Lohanas (Persian: لامياحاءأنأ Gujarati: લોહાણા Sindhi : لوها ڻا Hindi: लोहाना) or 'Master of Swords' are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group and are a suryavanshi Kshatriya[citation needed] community of India that originated in Iran and Afghanistan. In India, they mainly reside in Gujarat, Mumbai and other parts of the country. They have also spread to all parts of the world. It is a Pashtun subtribe of Ghilzai tribe. See Pashtun tribes.

Overview
Originally Lohanas were a prominent community of the Kshatriya Rajput caste (Sanskrit क्षत्रिय Kshatriya) that originated in Iran and Afghanistan[citation needed], then in the region of Punjab and later on migrated to Sindh and present day Gujarat state in India around 800 years ago[citation needed]. As administrators and rulers, Kshatriya Lohanas were assigned with protecting the people, and serving humanity. Over time, however, as a result of economic and political exigencies, the majority of Lohanas are now mainly engaged in mercantile occupations.
Some of the Lohanas converted to Sunni Islam, they are called Memon (Gujarati: મેમણ).
Ismaili Dai' Pir Sadardin converted many of them to the Ismaili sect of Islam. They are known as "Khoja" (ethno Khawaja).

History
Early History
The Lohanas, also known as Thakkar, trace their roots in history right up to the emergence of Aryans[citation needed], a linguistic of Indo-Iranians in the Indian sub-continent (which then included today's Afghanistan). It is believed by Legend that the Lohanas are descendants of the mythical hero Rama (Son of King Raghu), who bore two sons: Luv and Kush.
Descendants of Kush are known as Kushwaha. His younger son Luv was given the North (uttar Kaushala) of his kingdom (Refer :Valmk Ramayan Uttar Kand sarg 107], which came to be, called Luvalka or Luv's land consisting of present day Lahore (Pakistan) as it's Capital.
Luv is portrayed in the Ramayana as a great warrior. In one of the episodes of the Ramayana even though he is a mere boy in the hermitage, he brings the entire army of his father Lord Rama (under the command of his uncle Laxman) to a standstill by the prowess at archery (of course along with his older brother Kush). His descendants too were cast in the same mould, but they were not satisfied with Luvalka and pushed to the west and annexed today's Afghanistan and adjoining areas[citation needed].
Around 580 BC., when king Bimbisara ruled over Bharat (India), the society came to be divided into different communities based on their occupation. One of their communities was called Kshatriyas and King Luv's descendants were classed with them and came to be known as Luvanam, which was also referred to as Luvana. The Luvanas from Loharghat became known as Loharana (masters of swords; or iron ("Loha") chiefs ("Rana")), which later became Lohana.
Chinese traveller Fa-hien, who visited India between 414 and 399 B.C., calls Lohanas a brave community ruling the northwest territory of India,[1] in his diary. Another Chinese traveler, Kurmang who came in the eleventh century A.D. speaks of a Lohana kingdom as a mighty power. Historian Burton writes Lohanas were brave people and says they were spread over today's Baluchistan (Pakistan), Afghanistan and eastern fringes of Central Asia. Col. Todd, who delved into history of Rajasthan, describes Lohanas as the oldest Kshatriya community.
The likely reason for this title of bravery is that they were the first line of defense for the Indian subcontinent in the direct path of invaders from northwest like Persians, Macedonians, Huns, Mughals, etc. Meanwhile, Muhammad established Islam. His followers spread out in different directions to preach his religion and in due course they turned East towards India.
Between the 7th and 11th century the Lohanas held their grounds in Afghanistan, blocking the advent of Islam eastwards. In the 11th century, they finally had to fall back and moved initially to the Sindh province of today's Pakistan, where again for over two centuries they provided the frontline of defense against the invading hordes. Finally, at the turn of the 13th century, the Loharana king, Chahir Ray, was betrayed by his confidant Kualnger of the Brahmin Narsvat community, who turned traitor for a large fortune in gold and gems. The Lohana kingdom disintegrated into smaller segments. After the community split, a new leader emerged who again unified the Lohanas. Veer Jashraj, who is revered as Veer Dada Jashraj, was born in the city of Lohar (today's Lahore in Pakistan), which was the capital of Lohargadh. His domain extended from Lahore to Multan (also in Pakistan today).
As the folklore goes, Mongol invader Changez Khan, attacked Multan and was killed by Dada Jashraj, Rana of Lohargadh.
This finds mention in Mongol folklore, which say, "King of Mongols was killed by Mirana, the tiger of Multan fort". His descendants who proudly carry the surname of 'Mirana' preserve the memory of this great warrior king. Dada Jashraj was also treacherously killed when only 28 - a life so short but full of heroic deeds.
After the death of Dada Jashraj, the decline of Lohana kingdom began and their reign at Lohargadh ended. King Dahir ruled for a while from Narayankot (today's Hyderabad, Sindh). After his demise in a war against Muslims, Narayankot and Sindh fell to Muslims. It was around this time that some Lohanas converted to Islam.

Recent history
In 1422 AD, 700 Lohana families comprising of some 6178 converted to Islam at the hands of one Saiyed Yusuffuddin Qadri in Thatta Sindh — these are now known as Memons.
It was around this time, that Uderolal who is revered as Jhulelal (by Sindhis) or Dariyalal (by Gujaratis), son of Ratanchand Thakur and Mata Devki of Nasarpur, about 90 miles from Narayankot (now Hyderabad, Sindh) took on the mantle of Lohana leadership. Uderolal fought with Muslim chief Mirkshah, and initiated him into the true meaning of religion. Uderolal won the freedom of religion for Hindus from the Muslim rulers and devoted the rest of his life to spiritual and community service. Today Uderolal is revered as Jhulelal, the patron saint of Sindhis, both Hindus and Muslims who visit the site of his samadhi.
The Lohanas felt their identity was increasingly threatened in Sindh and they began to migrate towards Kutchchh, Saurashtra, Gujarat and even as far as Thailand [2]. In Gujarati, Lohanas performing the puja (ritual worship) of Dariyalal are known as Pujaras and Dariyalal's descendants as Ratnani.
Famous warriors once, Majority of Gujarati Lohanas took to trade and business. However, their mettle as warriors past was again tested in 1764, when Gulam Shah Kora attacked Kutchchh and they had to account for themselves in the battle of Zora. Lohana women fought alongside their men in this battle and the land of Kutchchh is strewn with memorial stones marking the deaths of Lohanas. A saying in Gujarati eulogies Lohana women thus: Only Rajputani, Loharani and Miyanai bring forth gem of children.

Lohanas today
Lohana culture has diverged over the centuries between different regions. Thus there are significant differences between the culture, professions and societies of Sindhi Lohanas, Kutchi Lohanas and those of Gujarati Lohanas.
Gujarati Lohanas gravitated towards trading since the eighteenth century. A large number of Hindu Lohana from Gujurat migrated to the British colonies of East Africa during the early part of the 20th century. Gujarati Lohanas in East Africa were great entrepreneurs. The Madhvani and Mehta families being the prominent industrialists in Uganda. The descendants of these East African settlers have moved to either Kenya and Tanzania or Great Britain in recent decades. Many of them can be found in North West London and Leicester.
Today, a good number of Gujarati Lohanas reside in Gujarat and in other parts of India. In Gujarat, many of them are in Rajkot, Jamnagar, Ahmedabad, Vadodara and Surat. Outside Gujarat, they can be found in Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Bangalore, Mangalore and other major Indian cities. Also, Gujarati Lohanas own the majority of food businesses, especially “farsan marts,” in Ahmedabad and Vadodara. They also have a noticeable share in other businesses. A significant number of Gujarati Lohanas also reside outside India.
Sindhi Lohanas, including the Bhaiband community, were primarily engaged in Agriculture, Industries and Professional Services before the Partition of India. However, after the partition, Sindhi Lohanas dispersed throughout the world, and having lost their agricultural property, have focused on Industry, Trading and Professional Services. The Khudabadi Sindhi Swarankar (Sonara) community, also affiliated with the Sindhi Lohana faction of the warrior Kshatriya caste of Hindu society, were mostly in the jewellery business.
Lohanas are still to be found in Afghanistan and Pakistan, which are now Islamic states. In Afghanistan, they still maintain their Hindu religious identity and are known as Lokhathra. The Lohanas who keep their Hindu identity in Sindh are known as Sindhi Lohana.
Those Lohanas who converted to Sunni Islam are known as Memons. Those who converted to Shia Ismaili Nizari Islam or became Ismaili Nizari Muslims are known as Khojas. Many of them retain their Hindu surnames from which many are ancient Persian surnames. Among them was the creator of Pakistan, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, whose father's name was Jinabhai Poonja and grandfather was Poonja Gokuldas Meghji, a Hindu Bhatia from Paneli village in Gondal state in Kathiawar.[1]
Not only Khoja Ismaili Muslims but Memon Sunni Muslims also retain their Hindu and Persian surnames, among the most famous of these is Lakhani.Some of the major groups derived from the principal professions they follow or the crafts they practice, for example, the cattle-breeding group takes the significant name of Gawli, derived from a Sanskrit word for cow. The names of the shepherd castes seem to be derived from words meaning sheep. Such is at least the case with Gadaria from 'gadar', on old Hindi word for sheep. Many others of these major groups called castes bear merely tribal or ethic names. Such are for example: Arora, Gujjar, Lohana, Bhatia, Meena, Bhil, Dom, Oraon,Munda, Santal, Koch, Ahir, Mahar, Nayar, Maratha,Gond, Khond, etc.[2]


Any comments!!
From Wikipaedia:

The Ghilzais are an Afghan tribe but their origins are not certain. They are reputed to be descended at least in part from the Khalaj or Khilji Turks, who entered Afghanistan in the 10th century, as well as the numerous other invaders from Central Asia and the Middle East who have entered Afghanistan over the centuries. According to Elphinstone, the Khilji, "though Turks by descent...had so long settled among the Afghans that they had almost identified with that people."

From this it appears that Lohanas cant be descended from Ghilzais.Only dna profile can establish if there is any connection to Pashtuns!
I just got my DNA results from ftdna. As per llumina OmniExpress Population Finder report I am 90+% pushtun and 10% north Indian. quite a shocker! My haplogroup is R1a1a (R-M198) and yes I am lohana! :)

Thats interesting.My haplogroup is exactly same as yours.My DNA test was done by National Geographic Genographic Project.It was a low resolution test so its difficult to conclude how close 

I am to any South Asian population group.I think you need a high resolution  test to show your affinity to 

Pashtuns  etc.I would like to compare my results with those of yours to see  what kind of a match we get? Thanks for your comments.You may reply to me at tdattani@hotmail.com

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